Posts Tagged ‘NS quarterly financial results’

NS Set Quarterly Records in 2nd Quarter

July 29, 2021

Norfolk Southern said on Wednesday that it set records in the second quarter of 2021 for net income and diluted earnings per share, operating ratio and income from railway operations.

In a news release, NS said net income rose 109 percent to $819 million, or $3.28 diluted earnings per share from $392 million, or $1.53 diluted EPS, in the same quarter a year ago.

Income from railway operations rose 91 percent to $1.2 billion while the operating ratio was a record 58.3 percent from 70.7 percent a year ago.

Railway operating revenue of $2.8 billion increased 34 percent, driven by a 25 percent increase in volume and a 7 percent increase in revenue per unit. Railway operating expenses totaled $1.6 billion, an increase of 11 percent.

 “We are even more confident about growth for the balance of this year,” NS CEO James Squires said during an earnings call.

NS executives said they expect revenue to increase by 12 percent this year, up from the previous forecast of 9 percent growth.

They project shaving up to 4.4 points off the operating ratio this year, an improvement from their earlier projection of a 3-point improvement.

Overall traffic volume was up 25 percent including a 29 percent gain in merchandise traffic, a 20 percent rise in intermodal and a 55 percent gain in coal traffic.

All figures are in comparison with the second quarter of 2020, which was marked by an economic downturn triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic.

“We are approaching pre-pandemic revenue levels,” said NS Chief Marketing Officer Alan Shaw. “However, the composition of our business has changed dramatically due to  . . . trends in the overall economy that were accelerated by the pandemic.”

Shaw said one example of how NS was able to take advantage of those changes is carrying traffic serving consumer and manufacturing markets in the East.

Even as NS traffic grew during the second quarter, its payroll was 8 percent smaller.

Train are longer (14 percent) and heavier (16 percent). Yet the railroad said fuel efficiency improved 4 percent.

“These gains were achieved in part by the increased deployment of distributed power and more blending of previously separate traffic types on the same train,” Chief Operating Officer Cindy Sanborn said.

Sanborn said that in order to accommodate longer trains NS plans to lengthen passing sidings on some routes. She attributed the fuel efficiency gains to longer train lengths.

NS now has 1 percent fewer locomotives than it did a year ago. It has retired older locomotives and stepped up converting DC units to AC traction.

Fewer locomotives are being bad ordered spending time in repair shops. The NS locomotive workforce has fallen by 55 percent in size compared with 2018.

NS officials said they are focusing on improving local service in yards by changing staffing to make service more consistent and terminals more productive. More remote control locomotives are being in used as part of these efforts.

Sanborn said NS has reduced switching volume in Chicago by building trains in its Elkhart, Indiana, yard that can be directly interchanged with other railroads.

Train crews have received smartphones that allow them to provide real-time reporting of switching moves. NS plans to implement a new local train reporting application this summer to improve reporting of first- and last-mile service.

NS Net Income Up in 1st Quarter

April 29, 2021

Norfolk Southern said on Wednesday that its first quarter 2021 net income was $673 million, or $2.66 earnings per diluted share, compared with $381 million, or $1.47 per diluted share during the same period in 2020.

Railway operating revenue of $2.6 billion was up 1 percent, or $14 million, compared with last year.

In a news release, NS said this gain was driven primarily by a 3 percent increase in volume.

The quarter’s diluted earnings per share was a first quarter record. Likewise, NS set an operating ratio record during the first quarter of 61.5 percent.

A year ago, the operating ratio for the first quarter was an adjusted 63.7 percent. The operating ratio is the percentage of revenue devoted to paying expenses.

First quarter 2021 railway operating expenses were $1.6 billion, down 21 percent or $433 million, compared with the same period last year.

The first quarter 2020 results included a $385 million non-cash locomotive rationalization charge as a result of productivity gains achieved through implementing the precision scheduled railroading operating model.

Last year NS sold 703 locomotives “deemed excess and no longer needed for railroad operations,” and thereby recorded a $385 million loss “to adjust their carrying amount to their estimated fair value, which resulted in a $97 million tax benefit,” NS said in a news release.

Excluding the locomotive rationalization charge, operating expenses were down 3 percent, or $48 million, compared with adjusted operating expenses in 2020.

NS said it benefited from lower fuel, compensation and benefits, and materials expenses.

Income from railway operations reached a first-quarter record of $1 billion, an increase of 79 percent or $447 million compared to 2020.

Excluding the effect of the locomotive rationalization charge last year, income from railway operations was up 7 percent or $62 million.

“The reopening of the economy provides meaningful tailwinds for continued strength in both the consumer and manufacturing sectors, and our long history of delivering sustainable transportation solutions for customers will continue to drive long-term value for our shareholders, customers, and the communities we serve,” said NS CEO James Squires.

NS executives expect 9 percent year-over-year growth in revenue, with intermodal and merchandise as the leading drivers, and coal continuing a “secular decline.”

The company anticipates a “greater than 300 basis points improvement” for the operating ratio in 2021, vs. the 2020 adjusted operating ratio of 64.4 percent

Capital expenditures are expected to be $1.6 billion.

NS Net Income Up 1% in 4th Quarter

January 27, 2021

Norfolk Southern reported on Wednesday that during the fourth quarter of 2020 its net income increased 1 percent to $671 million or $2.64 diluted earnings per share.

That compares with $666 million or $2.55 per share in the same quarter in 2019.

Fourth quarter railway operating revenue fell 4 percent to $2.6 billion last quarter, driven by a 1 percent decline in volume, lower fuel surcharges and differing business mix, NS officials said in a news release.

The news release said operating expenses were $1.6 billion, down 8 percent. Lower fuel costs, compensation and benefits and purchased services were partially offset by lower gains on property sales.

Income from railway operations rose 2 percent to $1 billion and NS posted an operating ratio of 61.8 percent for the quarter.

That broke the previous OR record of 64.2 percent in the fourth quarter of 2019.

Fourth quarter volume declined 1 percent overall but intermodal volume was up 5 percent and merchandise declined 5 percent. Coal traffic dropped 25 percent

Driving domestic intermodal growth of 7 percent was a 30 percent increase in premium business that includes e-commerce shipments,

NS said it will spend $1.6 billion on capital expenditures this year.

In a statement, company executives said they expect intermodal and some merchandise volume growth this year as the economy recovers from the COVID-19 pandemic. NS expects revenue growth of about 9 percent.

NS Revenue, Profits Fell in 3rd Quarter

October 29, 2020

As expected Norfolk Southern reported this week that its revenue and profits sank during the third quarter due to traffic declines that the railroad tied to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Operating income fell 6 percent to $939 million while revenue dropped 12 percent to $2.5 billion.

Adjusted  earnings per share rose 1 percent to $2.51.

During the period NS posted an adjusted operating ratio of 62.5 percent.

During the quarter NS reduced expenses by 15 percent while its traffic volume fell by 7 percent.

Intermodal volume grew 1 percent during the quarter, but merchandise traffic and coal combined fell 11 percent.

Domestic intermodal was up 9 percent while international intermodal volume fell 11 percent.

Coal volume alone fell by 32 percent, which represented most of the volume declines said NS Chief Marketing Officer Alan Shaw.

NS CEO James Squires said the railroad plans to pick up the pace of precision scheduled railroading changes, including closing hump operations in Macon, Georgia, and revising its southern service plans.

“As we continue rolling out PSR, our team sees additional opportunity for efficiency and growth that will close the [operating ratio] gap with the rest of the industry,” Squires said during an investor’s conference call.

The carrier said it is aiming to reach an operating ratio of 60 percent in 2021.

Chief Operating Officer Cindy Sanborn said the change NS is making to its operating plans are more than tweaking.

She said there will be longer trains that will move faster. Train length was up 12 percent this quarter compared to 6,600 feet a year ago.

Increases in intermodal and merchandise traffic have been added to existing trains.

Crew starts in August and September did not increase even though traffic volume rose.

The NS workforce in the third quarter was 18 percent below what it was a year ago.

Shaw predicted a rebound in consumer-related traffic, including intermodal and automotive, but expects anything connected to energy to recover more slowly.

He said there is no hope for coal traffic to improve so long as natural gas prices remain low and utility stockpiles stay 45 percent higher than they were at this time last year.

Sanborn said NS still has the ability to increase train length because only 9 percent of merchandise trains at at the maximum of the horsepower of their locomotive consists.

Just 10 percent of NS intermodal trains are longer than 10,000 feet.

NS in September closed its hump at Enola Yard near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

The closing of the hump in Macon next week will mark the sixth hump that NS has idled since 2019.

 “A lot of these hump conversions that you’ve seen  . . . actually improves car speed,” Sanborn said. “And at a system level what we want to do is avoid touches all together if at all possible. If we can speed the cars up, that’s good for us in terms of asset intensity and it’s also good for our customers. It provides them a more timely service product.”

As part of its redesign of southern operations, NS also plans to close several local yards around Atlanta.

As other railroads practicing PSR have done, NS is pre-blocking more traffic at origin and focusing on block-swapping en route.

NS will still have jump yards in Elkhart, Indiana; Conway (Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania; Birmingham, Alabama; and Chattanooga, Tennessee.

NS Operating Revenue down 29% in 2nd Quarter

July 30, 2020

Second quarter operating revenue at Norfolk Southern plunged a whopping 29 percent to $2.1 billion.

In announcing its quarterly financial results, the carrier said the steep dive was driven by a 26 percent decline in total freight volume compared with the second quarter of 2019.

It was the largest second quarter 2020 drop among Class 1 railroads.

NS posted net income of $392 million, down 46 percent, and diluted earnings per share of $1.53, down 43 percent compared with the same period a year ago.

Railroad officials cited the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on freight volume as a major factor in the dismal quarter performance.

Operating expenses during the quarter were $1.5 billion, down 21 percent from a year ago due to lower fuel, compensation, benefits and purchased services expenses.

In a statement, NS CEO James Squires said the railroad will continue to further trim its infrastructure, including reducing the number of hump yards that it operates and operating longer trains.

Income from railway operations was $610 million, down 43 percent. The railroad’s operating ratio for the quarter was 70.7 percent compared to 63.6 percent a year ago.

During an earnings call on Wednesday morning, Squires declined to predict how the railroad might fare from a financial perspective for the remainder of the year because it remains to be seen how durable the economic recovery will be.

However, he and other NS executives expressed guarded optimism, saying the carrier has seen a strong rebound in intermodal and automotive traffic.

One commodity NS does not expect to bounce back is coal, which sank by 57 percent during the second quarter.

NS Chief Marketing Officer Alan Shaw said coal will continue to be depressed due to competition from low-cost natural gas and weakness in export metallurgical coal markets.

During the second quarter, merchandise traffic dipped 29 percent while intermodal traffic was down 16 percent.

Shaw said the growth of consumer demand and tightening truck capacity could bode well for intermodal volume growth.

The resumption of auto manufacturing and rising manufacturing output have boosted merchandise volume.

“The consumer segments are doing really well,” Shaw said noting that intermodal and automotive volume in July have outpaced those of June.

Average train weight was up 6 percent due to NS moving more tonnage on fewer and longer trains.

Train starts were down 28 percent and Chief Operating Officer Michael Wheeler said many of the train suspensions are likely to be permanent even as traffic volume recovers.

Wheeler said train starts are down 20 percent thus far in July as NS has amalgamated various types of traffic into its merchandise trains.

Wheeler said NS still is able to add volume to existing trains without having to add train starts.

The second quarter saw the closing of hump operations in Linwood, North Carolina, and Bellevue, Ohio, and NS expects to close additional terminals.

Closing Linwood and Bellevue is expected to save the railroad $20 million to $30 million a year.

NS Operating Revenue Fell 8% in 1st Quarter

April 30, 2020

Norfolk Southern said on Wednesday that operating revenue fell 8 percent to $2.6 billion compared in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.

Compared to the first quarter of 2019 NS experienced an 11 percent decline in total volume.

Operating expenses during the quarter were $2.1 billion, which included a $385 million non-cash charge related to sale and disposal of surplus locomotives and the introduction of a precision scheduled railroading operating model.

Excluding the charge, adjusted operating expenses were down 11 percent, due to lower compensation benefits, fuel, purchased services and materials, NS said in a news release.

NS posted net income equal to $381 million, diluted earnings per share of $1.47 and an operating ratio of 78.4 percent.

Excluding the impact of the locomotive rationalization charge, NS posted an adjusted first quarter net income of $669 million and adjusted diluted EPS of $2.58.

The adjusted operating ratio improved to 63.7 percent from its record of 66 percent set last year.

Much of the decline in the operating ratio came as NS reduced expenses more deeply than the decline in revenue.

Adjusted railway operations income of $953 million declined 1 percent during the quarter compared to a year ago.

NS also announced it has cut 2020 capital expenditures by 25 percent compared to the $1.5 billion spent in 2019.

“During the first quarter, Norfolk Southern’s determination to transform our operations once again produced all-time best service delivery levels accompanied by productivity improvements, despite volumes being impacted by weak energy prices and the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic,” said NS CEO James Squires in a statement.

Uncertainty surrounding the pandemic and a faltering economy prompted NS to pull back its outlook for flat full-year revenue, as well as its core operating ratio guidance for 2020.

Second-quarter volumes have continued to decline across all NS commodity segments, which thus far have fallen 30 percent.

While the COVID-19 pandemic will impact business volumes for the year, the company’s PSR operating model will generate significant operating savings, said Chief Financial Officer Mark George.

“In this challenging environment, our team is doubling down on examination of our structural cost opportunities to ensure that we remain positioned to drive enhanced profitability for the long term,” George said.

NS management expects broad traffic declines in merchandise, intermodal, and coal business segments this year and declined to say when traffic might begin to rebound.

“We project year-over-year volume declines across all business groups, with large impacts in the second quarter, and future volumes depending on the depth of the downturn and the timing of the reopening of the economy, as well as energy prices,” said Chief Marketing Officer Alan Shaw.

During the first quarter of 2019, traffic volume was down 11 percent overall with coal slumping 31 percent, intermodal sinking by 11 percent and merchandise traffic falling 5 percent.

CFO George said NS has a strong balance sheet with plenty of cash on hand and access to credit that will help it get through the economic downturn.

He said NS will continue its DC-to-AC locomotive conversion program but NS Chief Operating Officer Mike Wheeler said the Class 1 carrier will cut maintenance spending by more precisely targeting where new rail, ties, and ballast are installed.

NS has slashed the number of train starts in response to declining traffic as well as the third phase of the implementation of its TOP21 operating plan.

Wheeler said train starts were down 19 percent during the first quarter and have declined by 30 percent in April to match a 30 percent fall in traffic.

Some trains have been combined so that some merchandise traffic is now traveling on premium intermodal trains.

“We have really blended all the different traffic types into our network. So we’re to the point now where a train is a train,” Wheeler said.

At the same time, NS has opened some new lower-volume intermodal lanes by adding container traffic to merchandise trains.

“No longer do we need to find enough density for a point-to-point intermodal train,” Shaw said.

Shaw indicated that key performance and service metrics all improved during the first quarter as the carrier set quarterly records for terminal dwell, train performance, shipment consistency, and intermodal availability.

“Our service is the best in Norfolk Southern history,” Shaw said.

NS to Take Charge on Locomotive Disposals

April 17, 2020

Norfolk Southern said on Thursday it will take a $385 million charge in the first quarter of 2020 that is related to the disposal of about 300 locomotives and the designation of another 400 locomotives for sale.

In a filing with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, NS said the move is related to its adoption of the precision scheduled railroading operating model in 2019.

NS said PSR “continues to provide significant benefits to the network operations and has resulted in excess capacity.”

The non-cash charge will reduce first quarter diluted earnings per share by $1.1.

The railroad said it will report its first quarter results on April 29 as well as provide information on how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected it.

Railroad Quarterly Reports Expected to be Gloomy

April 15, 2020

Class 1 railroads will begin issuing their first quarter earnings reports starting this week and the results are not expected to look good.

A report posted at the Trains magazine website said Wall Street Analysts expect Canadian National, CSX, Norfolk Southern and Union Pacific to report earnings decline averaging 7 percent.

Some of those carriers may report even deeper declines. CSX, which will report its financial results on April 22, has seen its traffic sink fall 2.1 percent in the first quarter when compared to the same quarter in 2019.

Analysts are projecting CSX earnings could drop nearly 9 percent.

NS has lost 12 percent of its traffic in the first quarter although some of that was due to its efforts to improve profit margins by increasing rates

It will report its quarterly financial numbers on April 29.

With its traffic DOWN 6.8 percent, CN is expected to post an earnings per share decline of nearly 8 percent.

Investors will be watching for how railroads describe their plans to get through an economic downturn triggered in part by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Railroads might stop providing financial outlooks for the remainder of year due to the uncertainty surrounding the pandemic and the economy.

NS Net Income Down 5% in 4th Quarter

January 31, 2020

Norfolk Southern said this week that during the fourth quarter of 2019 its net income fell 5 percent to $666 million, or $2.55 per diluted share, compared with net income of $702 million, or $2.57 per share in the fourth quarter of 2019.

Operating revenue dropped by 7 percent to $2.7 billion as a result of a 9 percent decrease in total volume.

In a news release, NS said operating expenses were $1.7 billion, which was down $90 million compared with the same period of 2018.

Lower compensation and benefits, fuel costs, equipment rents and materials usage were partially offset by lower gains on operating property sales and increased purchased services expense.

Income from railway operations was $1 billion, down $116 million year over year.

NS posted an operating ratio of 64.2 percent for the quarter and 64.7 percent for the full year, both of them records.

For calendar year 2019, NS reported net income of $2.72 billion, or $10.25 per share, compared with $2.67 billion, or $9.51 per share, a year earlier.

On a year to year comparison between 2018 and 2019, NS said its railway operating revenue fell 1 percent to $11.3 billion on a 5 percent decrease in overall volume. Carloads declined in all major commodity categories.

NS reduced operating expenses by 3 percent to $7.3 billion. Income from railway operations rose 1 percent to a record $4 billion.

“Norfolk Southern’s strong financial performance in a year of macroeconomic headwinds is underpinned by the hard work of our team to expeditiously implement productivity initiatives throughout the year,” NS CEO James Squires said in a statement.

During the fourth quarter of 2019 NS saw its coal traffic fall by 21 percent.

Company officials attributed that to low natural gas prices putting pressure on coal for use in electricity generation, and reduced steel production and a weakening market for export coal.

Squires said the annual operating ratio improvement was “particularly impressive against the backdrop of declining volumes.”

NS Chief Operating Officer Mike Wheeler said the carrier set records last year for on-time performance records for merchandise and automotive traffic and posted its best intermodal on-time performance since 2009.

“Our network is running fast and on time,” Wheeler said, citing a 17 percent improvement in average train speed and a record low terminal dwell that was 30 percent below the levels of 2018. He said crew starts were down 15 percent.

During 2019 NS cut its locomotive fleet size by 20 percent and ended 600 mechanical positions.

It expects to eliminated another 135 positions this year.

NS’s merchandise volume dropped 6 percent in the fourth quarter due to a slowdown in the industrial economy. Intermodal volume was off 8 percent.

Chief Marketing Officer Alan Shaw says coal traffic is expected to continue lagging this year but intermodal volumes should resume growth in the second half of the year.

He said uncertainty in the industrial economy means the outlook for merchandise traffic is cloudy.

Squires said NS expects flat revenue this year but should shave 2.35 points off its operating ratio as it continues to cut costs. The carrier is targeting a 60 percent operating ratio by 2021.

Shaw said the fourth quarter of 2019 was the 12 consecutive period in which NS has enjoyed growth in revenue per unit for all three of its business segments.

NS Net Income Rose in 4th Quarter 2017

January 25, 2018

Norfolk Southern on Wednesday reported fourth quarter 2017 adjusted net income of $486 million, or $1.69 per diluted earnings per share compared with $416 million, or $1.42 per diluted share, in the fourth quarter of 2016.

For calendar year 2017, NS said it earned $1.9 billion in adjusted net income versus $1.7 billion in 2016. Adjusted diluted earnings per share were $6.61, an 18 percent increase over last year’s record diluted EPS of $5.62

Including the impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, NS had net income of $3.97 billion in the fourth quarter with diluted EPS of $13.79.

For all of 2017, net income including the impact of tax reform was $5.4 billion and diluted EPS were $18.61.

Other key fourth quarter metrics showed operating revenue rising 7 percent to $2.7 billion compared with 2016, NS said overall volumes increased 5 percent reflecting growth in intermodal, coal and merchandise traffic.

Operating expenses during the quarter fell 4 percent to $1.7 billion compared with the fourth quarter of 2016.

The effect of the tax change legislation cut operating expenses by $151 million, which more than offset increases that resulted from volume growth and higher fuel prices and incentive compensation.

Adjusted income from railroad operations rose 13 percent on a year-over-year basis to $863 million.

The fourth quarter operating ratio was 67.7 percent, a 170 basis point improvement over the operating ratio in the same period in 2016.

For the year, NS saw railroad operating revenue rise 7 percent to $10.6 billion compared with 2016.

NS attributed the increase to 5 percent growth in the major commodity categories of coal and intermodal traffic.

Railroad operating expenses increased 2 percent to $7 billion compared with those in 2016 with the increase attributed to higher diesel fuel prices, increased incentive compensation, higher inflationary costs and volume growth. Those higher costs were offset in part by efficiency savings and the benefit of tax reform.

For 2017, the operating ratio of 67.4 percent was a 150 basis point improvement over 2016’s operating ratio.

“Norfolk Southern is open for growth, and we are optimistic as we head into 2018 that the current economic environment will provide an opportunity for continuing growth,” said NS CEO James Squires.

During 2017, NS will spend more than $1.7 billion to maintain its infrastructure and support economic growth. In 2018, NS plans capital expenditures of $1.8 billion.